Engineering A Christmas Ice Lantern – Simple and beautiful STEM activity for the holidays. Excellent for preschool and up.
It’s winter and for many of us, especially your friendly neighborhood Canadian, that means icy cold weather. We can’t let the weather deter us. In fact we can use the weather to our advantage and create beautiful things. Like a Christmas Ice Lantern. A STEM activity for the holidays.
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A few months ago we did an ice STEM challenge. It was fun, but also the middle of summer, so the timing was a bit… weird.
When it is hot and sunny out the only place I want ice is in my drinks.
Now that winter is here we are much more motivated to tackle some icy cold STEM. It feels much more fitting. So I took one of the ideas from our original ice STEM challenge and gave it a beautiful Christmas twist.
Engineering a Christmas Ice Lantern
This activity is great fun for preschoolers and up.
To make your own Christmas Ice Lantern you will need:
Large plastic cup (like a Solo cup)
Small plastic cup
Decorative pieces like pompoms, beads, pipe cleaners (especially they glittery ones!), tinsel, etc.
A freezer or it needs to be below zero outside
Battery operated candle
Christmas Ice Lantern Directions:
The first step is to decide on your decorations. This is the engineering challenge! We found it was best to take pipe cleaners and twist them so they spiraled up the outside of the large cup. These acted as your garland and as a place to put all your other baubles so they stayed in place.
Now carefully place pompoms and beads so they balance on the garland. This can be challenging and they will move once you add water, so don’t stress too much.
Once you are happy with your decorations slide the small cup inside the large cup. Tape it into place so the top of the cups are flush with each other. Four pieces of tape works well to keep it secure.
Carefully start to add water between the two cups so the water only goes into the larger cup. You will need to add some weight to the smaller cup to keep it in place and stop it popping up. We added a couple of stones to ours to keep it in place.
Fill until the water is only a couple of centimetres from the top.
Add a few drops of food coloring to the water.
Place in the freezer (or outdoors) for 5 hours or until completely frozen.
A bit of science
Once it is frozen take a moment to look at your creation. What do you notice?
You should notice that despite the tape and the weights the smaller cup is higher and the ice is to the top of the large cup. This is due to water expanding as it freezes. This is a fantastic opportunity to see this in practice and discuss what happens when water changes states.
Now carefully remove the inside plastic cup, then the outer plastic up. You may need to cut the cups to get them off. Just carefully snip the edge with some scissors and you should be able to peel them off.
For safety you can use battery operated candles, plus they won’t melt your lantern.
Turn on your candle, set it outside in the wintery cold and enjoy the beauty of your creation!
Imagine a line of these leading up your sidewalk to your door on Christmas day. A stunning welcome for your guests!
Looking for a twist? Why not jumbo size it and make them using ice cream pails?